The online marketplace is growing at an eager pace. While keeping pace with these advancements, organizations incorporate new functions on their websites frequently. In such dynamic environments, it is important to follow a fool-proof testing strategy – if not, there could be ‘glitches’ in customer experience. Quite recently, there have been examples of such glitches even in top companies – in one organization, gift emails were sent out inadvertently and in another, carts were emptied at checkout.
To guard against negative customer experiences that can hamper an organization’s brand, the testing strategy should include a robust functional testing framework. This is well enabled in Magento 2 through Magento Functional Testing Framework (MFTF).
Magento Functional Testing Framework (MFTF) explained
FTF is an open source cross-platform solution which can quickly develop functional tests for a Magento application. These tests can be performed at any time with the options of – a single test run independently, or many tests run together as a test suite or one-go running of all available tests. The exhaustive list of functional tests can be found on the Magento website. Tests usually cover functionality of a business entity. The goal is to find discrepancies between expected and real behavior of the product.
A functional tester plays an important role here as he/she is able to analyze individual parts of the application in the context of the entire application. He/she can scrutinize a specific part, identify points of integration with other parts in the application and formulate a strategy to validate these moving parts. It’s sometimes at these integration points that there can be a maximum weakness. Applying this in the context of e-commerce, FTF framework is devised to test user interactions with the web application. Out-of-the-box tests cover basic functionality and extended functionality can be tested using customized tests, created with FTF.
FTF can primarily help in 2 ways:
- During the development phase, test any changes of functionality (new modules, update modules, fix bugs)
- During the maintenance phase, for periodic automated regression testing.
Functional Testing Framework (FTF) in action
FTF facilitates functional testing and minimizes efforts to perform regression testing. Some typical use cases are: With a Magento developer, functionality changes such as attribute additions, product tag additions and extended search etc., can be tested. For an engineer, regression testing after new functionality can be validated. The output from FTF normally contains the tested application, screenshots of failures and logs of failures.
Key features of Functional Testing Framework are:
- Flexible, because of modularity support.
- Fast, because of parallel execution.
- Informative, because of the reporting tool.
- Suitable, because of test suites.
- Compatible, because of web driver selection.
As functional testing most closely reflects the experience of the users, this type of testing checks the output as per the documented requirements. The functionality of the module is tested completely based on user’s perspective, ensuring the system does what users are expecting it to do.
In an organization, functional testing will only be successful if the organization’s QA fundamentals are strong and the pre-requisite for that is everyone needs to understand and embrace how testing can help achieve the goals of the business.